Plantae > Tracheophyta > Pinopsida > Pinales > Pinaceae > Pinus montezumae > Pinus montezumae var. montezumae

Pinus montezumae var. montezumae (Lowland fir; Giant fir; grand fir; Yellow fir; Lowland white fir)

Language: Chi; Cze; Dut; Fre; Ger; Hrv, Srp; Hun; Ita; Nor; Rus; Spa


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Shade Percentage [1]  91 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Janka Hardness [3]  490 lbf (222 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Scent [2]  The crushed leaves have a fruity orange-flavoured aroma. The growing plant exudes a pungent, balsamic fragrance.
Specific Gravity [4]  0.37
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  The aromatic leaves are used as a moth repellent; The boughs have been used in the home as an incense; A pink dye can be obtained from the bark; The dried and hardened pitch can be chewed as a tooth cleanser; A powder made from the dried and crushed leaves was used as a baby powder by the N. American Indians; The bark can be used as a waterproof covering material for buildings and canoes; Wood - light, soft, coarse grained, not strong, not very durable. Used for interior work, cases, etc; Of little value as a lumber, it is used mainly for pulp and fuel;
Height [2]  246 feet (75 m)
Width [2]  26 feet (8 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Water Use [1]  Low
View Plants For A Future Record : Pinus montezumae var. montezumae

Protected Areas



Shelter for 
Arborimus pomo (Sonoma tree vole)[10]

Range Map

External References

USDA Plant Profile


Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Negron, Jose F. 1995. Cone and Seed Insects Associated with Piñon Pine. In: Shaw, Douglas W.; Aldon, Earl F.; LoSapio, Carol, technical coordinators. Desired future conditions for piñon- juniper ecosystems: Proceedings of the symposium; 1994 August 8-12; Flagstaff, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 97-106.
9Tamiasciurus douglasii, Michael A. Steele, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 630, pp. 1-8 (1999)
10Arborimus pomo, Michael D. Adam and John P. Hayes, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 593, pp. 1-5 (1998)
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0