Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Bovidae > Gazella > Gazella subgutturosa

Gazella subgutturosa (goitered gazelle)

Synonyms: Antilope subgutturosa

Wikipedia Abstract

The goitered or black-tailed gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) is a gazelle found in northern Azerbaijan, eastern Georgia, part of Iran, parts of Iraq and southwestern Pakistan, southeastern Turkey, Afghanistan and the Gobi Desert. The specific name, meaning "full below the throat", refers to the male having an enlargement of the neck and throat during the mating season. Large herds were also present in the Near East. Some 6,000 years ago, they were captured and killed with the help of desert kites. Rock art found in Jordan suggests ritual slaughter.
View Wikipedia Record: Gazella subgutturosa


Endangered Species

Status: Vulnerable
View IUCN Record: Gazella subgutturosa

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.23
EDGE Score: 2.56


Adult Weight [1]  55.777 lbs (25.30 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  5.787 lbs (2.625 kg)
Female Weight [1]  51.148 lbs (23.20 kg)
Male Weight [1]  60.407 lbs (27.40 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  18.1 %
Diet [3]  Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Plants [3]  90 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [2]  1 year 9 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Gestation [2]  5 months 25 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  16 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Snout to Vent Length [5]  4.362 feet (133 cm)
Speed [6]  48.005 MPH (21.46 m/s)
Weaning [2]  3 months 16 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No


Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Gazella subgutturosa, Steven C. Kingswood and David A. Blank, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 518, pp. –10 (1996)
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
5Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
6Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8International Flea Database
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0