Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Didelphimorphia > Didelphidae > Philander > Philander opossum

Philander opossum (Gray Four-eyed Opossum)

Synonyms: Didelphis opossum; Metachirops opossum; Metachirus opossum
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The gray four-eyed opossum (Philander opossum) is an opossum species from Central and South America, ranging from southern Mexico to Peru, Bolivia and southwestern Brazil, at altitudes from sea level to 1600 m, but generally below 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). Its habitats include primary, secondary and disturbed forest. It is one of many opossum species in the order Didelphimorphia and the family Didelphidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Philander opossum


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.89
EDGE Score: 2.48


Adult Weight [1]  450 grams
Birth Weight [2]  9 grams
Male Weight [4]  1.34 lbs (608 g)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  30 %
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Scansorial [3]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 2 months
Male Maturity [4]  7 months 3 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  4 years
Snout to Vent Length [4]  11 inches (28 cm)
Weaning [1]  82 days


Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cerrado Brazil No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Corallus grenadensis (Garden Tree Boa)[2]
Lachesis muta (South American Bushmaster)[2]
Leopardus pardalis (Ocelot)[7]


Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Philander opossum, Iván Castro-Arellano, Heliot Zarza, and Rodrigo A. Medellín, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 638, pp. 1–8 (2000)
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
6Trachops cirrhosus, Michael J. Cramer, Michael R. Willig, and Clyde Jones, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 656, pp. 1–6 (2001)
7Movement patterns and food habits of four sympatric carnivore species in Belize, Central America, Michael John Konecny, Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, 1984:243-264
8International Flea Database
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0