Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Calophyllaceae > Calophyllum > Calophyllum inophyllum

Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)


Wikipedia Abstract

Calophyllum inophyllum is a large evergreen, commonly called Alexandrian laurel balltree, beach calophyllum, beach touriga, beautyleaf, Borneo-mahogany, Indian doomba oiltree, Indian-laurel, laurelwood, red poon, satin touriga, feta'u (Tongan) and tacamahac-tree. It is native from East Africa, southern coastal India to Malesia and Australia.
View Wikipedia Record: Calophyllum inophyllum



Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  82 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Winter
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Hazards [2]  Slight Toxicity
Janka Hardness [4]  1080 lbf (490 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Seed
Root Depth [2]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  659 / lb (1453 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Irregular
Specific Gravity [5]  0.585
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Isla del Coco National Park II 382187 Costa Rica    
Tortuguero National Park II 47632 Costa Rica

Emblem of

Lao People's Democratic Republic



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
8Dietary assimilation and the digestive strategy of the omnivorous anomuran land crab Birgus latro (Coenobitidae); Joanne E. Wilde, Stuart M. Linton, Peter Greenaway; J Comp Physiol B (2004) 174: 299–308
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae), Mike Dornberg, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, July 2015
12The role of Orii’s flying-fox (Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus) as a pollinator and a seed disperser on Okinawa-jima Island, the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan; Atsushi Nakamoto, Kazumitsu Kinjo Masako Izawa; Ecol Res (2009) 24: 405–414
13Pteropus hypomelanus, Deborah P. Jones and Thomas H. Kunz, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 639, pp. 1–6 (2000)
14Pteropus livingstonii, Stephanie J. Smith and David M. Leslie, Jr., MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 792, pp. 1-5 (2006)
15Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
16Pteropus samoensis, Sandra Anne Banack, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 661, pp. 1–4 (2001)
17Roosting Behavior of Colonial and Solitary Flying Foxes in American Samoa (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), Anne P. Brooke, Christopher Solek, Ailao Tualaulelei, Biotropica 32(2): 338-350, 2000
18del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0