Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Juglandaceae > Carya > Carya texana

Carya texana (black hickory)


Wikipedia Abstract

Carya texana, the black hickory, is a North American tree in the walnut family. It is endemic to the United States, found primarily in the southern Great Plains and the Lower Mississippi Valley. Carya texana is an endangered species in southwestern Indiana. Carya texana is a tree growing to 41 metres (135 ft) in height. The leaves usually have a dense coating of scales, imparting rusty brown color. They are pinnately compound usually with 7 leaflets but sometimes 5 or 9. The fruits (nuts) are bronze to reddish brown, the seeds sweet and edible.
View Wikipedia Record: Carya texana


Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Shade Percentage [1]  77 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Specific Gravity [4]  0.68
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Wood - close grained, tough, strong, brittle; It weighs 50lb per cubic foot; Used mainly for fuel, it burns well giving off a lot of heat;
Height [2]  49 feet (15 m)
Width [1]  43 feet (13.1 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Carya texana

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States

Range Map


Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0