Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fabales > Fabaceae > Cajanus > Cajanus cajan

Cajanus cajan (Pigeon Pea Bush; Congo Pea; pigeonpea; Red Gram; Rahar; Quinchoncho; Quinchonchillo; Pwa Angole; Pois D'Angolie; Pois d'Angole; Pois Congo; Pois Cajan; Pigeon Pea; Lenteja; Gungo Pea; Guandul; Guandu; Gandures; Gandul; Frijol Quinchancho; Frijol De Arbol; Dhal; Dahl)

Language: German; Hindi; Polish; Portuguese; Russian

Wikipedia Abstract

The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food grain in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. It is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia and is a major source of protein for the population of that subcontinent.
View Wikipedia Record: Cajanus cajan


Bloom Period [1]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [1]  High
Fire Tolerance [1]  Medium
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Year Round
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Year Round
Growth Rate [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [1]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [1]  16 inches (41 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  8000 / lb (17637 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Structure [2]  Shrub
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [1]  9.84 feet (3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Dense

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Mburucuy√° National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  



Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus dihystera (Steiner's spiral nematode)[6]


Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
7Review of the Neotropical species of the family Pterophoridae, part I: Ochyroticinae, Deuterocopinae, Pterophorinae (Platyptiliini, Exelastini, Oxyptilini) (Lepidoptera), C. Gielis, Zool. Med. Leiden 80 (2006)
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0