Animalia > Chordata > Elasmobranchii > Myliobatiformes > Myliobatidae > Aetobatus > Aetobatus narinari

Aetobatus narinari (White-spotted eagle ray; Whitespotted eagle ray; Whip ray; Whip; Sunfish; Spotted-eagle ray; Spotted whipray; Spotted stingray; Spotted edgle-ray; Spotted eagleray; Spotted eagle ray; Spotted duckbill ray; Spotted bonnetray; Skate; Mottled eagle ray; Leopard ray; Lady ray; Flying ray; Eagle ray; Duckbill ray; Duckbill eagle-ray; Duckbil ray; Bonnet skate; Bishop ray; Spotted duckbilled ray; Lang spotted eagle ray)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The spotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari) is a cartilaginous fish of the eagle ray family, Myliobatidae. It can be found globally in tropical regions, including the Gulf of Mexico, Hawaii, off the coast of West Africa, the Indian Ocean, Oceania, and on both coasts of the Americas at depths down to about 80 meters (262 ft). The rays are most commonly seen alone, but occasionally swim in groups. Rays are ovoviviparous, the female retaining the eggs then releasing the young as miniature versions of the parent.
View Wikipedia Record: Aetobatus narinari

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Aetobatus narinari


Migration [1]  Amphidromous


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Yucatan Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coastal Rivers    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayos Cochinos Archipelago National Park Natural Marine Monument   Honduras  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  


Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Carcharhinus perezii (Caribbean reef shark)[2]
Rhizoprionodon porosus (Snook shark)[2]


External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
3Food Habits of Reef Fishes of the West Indies, John E. Randall, Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 5, 665–847 (1967)
4Queen Conch Predators: Not a Roadblock to Mariculture, Darryl E. Jory and Edwin S. Iversen, Proc. Gulf Caribb. Fish. Inst. 35:108-111. (1983)
5Clownfish and their Host Anemones ;; NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Pollerspöck, J. & Straube, N. (2015), Bibliography database of living/fossil sharks, rays and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii, Holocephali) -Host-Parasites List/Parasite-Hosts List-, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 04/2015;
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0