Animalia > Chordata > Crocodylia > Alligatoridae > Caiman > Caiman crocodilus

Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)


Wikipedia Abstract

The broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris) is a crocodilian reptile found in eastern and central South America, including southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia. It is found mostly in freshwater marshes, swamps, and mangroves, usually in still or very slow-moving waters. It will often use man-made cow ponds.
View Wikipedia Record: Caiman crocodilus


Invasive Species

View ISSG Record: Caiman crocodilus


Adult Weight [1]  25.089 lbs (11.38 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  39 grams
Female Weight [1]  23.259 lbs (10.55 kg)
Male Weight [1]  26.919 lbs (12.21 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  15.7 %
Egg Length [1]  2.52 inches (64 mm)
Gestation [2]  90 days
Litter Size [2]  22
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [3]  24 years
Female Maturity [1]  6 years
Male Maturity [1]  6 years


Protected Areas


Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Caiman crocodilus (Common caiman, Spectacled caiman)[4]
Jabiru mycteria (Jabiru)[9]


External References

NatureServe Explorer


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Thorbjarnarson, JB (1994). Reproductive ecology of the spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) in the Venezuelan llanos. Copeia 1994(4): 907-919
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177
6Holochilus sciureus, Guillermo R. Barreto and Shaenandhoa GarcÍa-Rangel, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 780, pp. 1-5 (2005)
7Myocastor coypus, Charles A. Woods, Luis Contreras, Gale Willner-Chapman, and Howard P. Whidden, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 398, pp. 1-8 (1992)
8Animals of the Rainforest
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0