Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Euphorbiaceae > Manihot > Manihot esculenta

Manihot esculenta (cassava)


Wikipedia Abstract

Manihot esculenta (commonly called cassava (/kəˈsɑːvə/), yuca, manioc, and Brazilian arrowroot) is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Though it is often called yuca in Spanish and in the United States, it differs from the yucca, an unrelated fruit-bearing shrub in the family Asparagaceae. Cassava, when dried to a powdery (or pearly) extract, is called tapioca; its fermented, flaky version is named garri.
View Wikipedia Record: Manihot esculenta



Bloom Period [1]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Fire Tolerance [1]  None
Frost Free Days [1]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  None
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Year Round
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Year Round
Growth Rate [1]  Rapid
Hazards [1]  Slight Toxicity
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  None
Shape/Orientation [1]  Semi-Erect
Structure [2]  Shrub
Flower Color [1]  Green
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Height [1]  9.84 feet (3 m)
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [1]  Very Rich
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Moderate

Protected Areas



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
7Co-existence and niche segregation of three small bovid species in southern Mozambique, Herbert H.T. Prins, Willem F. de Boer, Herman van Oeveren, Augusto Correia, Jorge Mafuca and Han Olff, 2006 East African Wild Life Society, Afr. J. Ecol., 44, 186–198
8del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
10DIET COMPOSITION OF THE BONNET MACAQUE (Macaca radiata) IN A TROPICAL DRY EVERGREEN FOREST OF SOUTHERN INDIA, R. Krishnamani, Tropical Biodiversity 2(2):285 (1994)
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0