Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Apodiformes > Trochilidae > Heliactin > Heliactin bilophus

Heliactin bilophus (horned sungem)

Synonyms: Heliactin bilophum; Heliactin bilophum bilophum; Heliactin cornuta; Heliactin cornuta cornuta; Trochilus bilophus

Wikipedia Abstract

The horned sungem (Heliactin bilophus) is a South American hummingbird, the only species, (monotypic), of the genus Heliactin. The scientific name bilophus is sometimes considered a nomen oblitum, which, if accepted, results in Heliactin cornutus being the correct name for this species. It occurs in Bolivia, Brazil, and Suriname. It prefers fairly dry open or semi-open habitats, such as savanna and Cerrado. It avoids dense humid forest.
View Wikipedia Record: Heliactin bilophus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.6288
EDGE Score: 2.61219


Adult Weight [1]  4.4 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Nectarivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  10 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  90 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [3]  13 days


Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Serra do Cipo National Park II 78590 Minas Gerais, Brazil  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Silva, JMC.; Oren, DC.; Roma, JC. and Henriques, LMP. (1997). Composition and distribution patterns of the avifauna of an Amazonian upland savanna, Amapá, Brazil. Orn. Monogr., 48:743‐762.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0