Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Rhinocerotidae > Dicerorhinus > Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Sumatran rhinoceros)

Synonyms: Rhinoceros crossii

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
14
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
84
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 28.79
EDGE Score: 6.17
View EDGE Record: Dicerorhinus sumatrensis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.389 tons (1,260.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  50.707 lbs (23.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Plants [2]  50 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Female Maturity [1]  7 years 6 months
Gestation [1]  7 months 26 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  0.3
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years
Nocturnal [2]  Yes
Snout to Vent Length [3]  9.742 feet (297 cm)
Top 100 Endangered [4]  Yes
Weaning [1]  1 year 4 months

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand Yes

Prey / Diet

Range Map

External References

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
4Baillie, J.E.M. & Butcher, E. R. (2012) Priceless or Worthless? The world’s most threatened species. Zoological Society of London, United Kingdom.
5The Mineral Content of Food Plants of the Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) in Danum Valley, Sabah, Malaysia, Yook Heng Lee, Robert B. Steubing, Abdul Hamid Ahmad, BIOTROPICA 25(3): 352-355 (1993)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0