Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Cardinalidae > Cardinalis > Cardinalis phoeniceus

Cardinalis phoeniceus (Vermilion Cardinal)

Wikipedia Abstract

The vermilion cardinal (Cardinalis phoeniceus) is a species in the cardinal family (Cardinalidae). It is found in Colombia and Venezuela. It is one of three species in the genus Cardinalis. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.
View Wikipedia Record: Cardinalis phoeniceus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.16819
EDGE Score: 2.10025


Forages - Understory [1]  30 %
Forages - Ground [1]  70 %


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alta y Media Guajira Indigenous Reserve 2369998 La Guajira, Colombia      
Macizo Montañoso del Turimiquire Protective Zone 1334369 Venezuela  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  

Important Bird Areas

Prey / Diet

Lycium nodosum[2]
Melocactus curvispinus caesius[2]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Sublegatus modestus (Southern Scrub Flycatcher)1
Tiaris bicolor (Black-faced Grassquit)1

Range Map

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2Poulin, B., G. Lefebvre and R. McNeil (1994) Diets of land birds from northeastern Venezuela Condor 96: 354-367
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0