Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Lophura > Lophura swinhoii

Lophura swinhoii (Swinhoe's Pheasant)

Synonyms: Euplocanus swinhoei; Lophura swinhoei

Wikipedia Abstract

Swinhoe's pheasant (Lophura swinhoii) is a bird of the pheasant subfamily in the fowl family Phasianidae. It is endemic to Taiwan. Along with the Mikado pheasant and Taiwan blue magpie, two other Taiwan endemics, the Swinhoe's pheasant is sometimes considered an unofficial national symbol for Taiwan as it bears the colours of the national flag (red, white and blue).
View Wikipedia Record: Lophura swinhoii

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.86854
EDGE Score: 2.04602


Adult Weight [1]  2.425 lbs (1.10 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  6
Incubation [3]  25 days
Snout to Vent Length [1]  20 inches (50 cm)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kenting National Park II 78882 Taiwan

Prey / Diet

Damnacanthus indicus[3]
Ficus erecta[5]
Ficus humilis (climbingfig)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)2
Pteropus dasymallus (Ryukyu flying fox)2
Pycnonotus sinensis (Light-vented Bulbul)1
Spodiopsar cineraceus (White-cheeked Starling)1
Zosterops japonicus (Japanese White-eye)1

External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1Nathan P. Myhrvold, Elita Baldridge, Benjamin Chan, Dhileep Sivam, Daniel L. Freeman, and S. K. Morgan Ernest. 2015. An amniote life-history database to perform comparative analyses with birds, mammals, and reptiles. Ecology 96:3109
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 Wildfinder Database
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0