Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Serranidae > Epinephelus > Epinephelus coioides

Epinephelus coioides (Spotted river cod; Spotted cod; Rockcod; Orangespotted rockcod; Orange-spotted grouper; Orangespotted grouper; Orange spotted cod; North-west groper; Green grouper; Greasy cod; Goldspotted rockcod; Estuary rockcod; Estuary rock cod; Estuary grouper; Estuary cod; Brown-spotted rockcod; Brown-spotted grouper; Grouper; Reef cod; Coral cod; Sea bass; Coral trout)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides), also known as the estuary cod, is a species of fish in the Serranidae family. It is found in the western Pacific, the Indian Ocean, and the Red Sea. It has also been recorded in the Mediterranean Sea as a Lessepsian migrant. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical mangrove, open seas, shallow seas, subtidal aquatic beds, coral reefs, estuarine waters, intertidal flats, and coastal saline lagoons. It is threatened by habitat loss and overfishing. This predatory fish reaches up to 1.2 m (3.9 ft) in length.
View Wikipedia Record: Epinephelus coioides


Adult Weight [1]  18.188 lbs (8.25 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Maximum Longevity [2]  22 years

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia

Prey / Diet

Penaeus semisulcatus (green tiger prawn)[3]
Terapon puta (Two-lined grunter)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap


External References


Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
3Diets of piscivorous fishes in a tropical Australian estuary, with special reference to predation on penaeid prawns, J. P. Salini, S. J. M. Blaber and D. T. Brewer, Marine Biology 105, 363-374 (1990)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2020-03-21; License: CC BY 4.0