Animalia > Mollusca > Cephalopoda > Oegopsida > Cranchiidae


Synonyms: Bathothaumatidae; Cranchiaeformes; Cranchionychiae; Desmoteuthidae; Loligopsidae

Wikipedia Abstract

The family Cranchiidae comprises the approximately 60 species of glass squid, also known as cockatoo squid, cranchiid, cranch squid, or bathyscaphoid squid. Cranchiid squid occur in surface and midwater depths of open oceans around the world. They range in mantle length from 10 cm (3.9 in) to over 3 m (9.8 ft), in the case of the colossal squid. The common name, glass squid, derives from the transparent nature of most species. Cranchiid squid spend much of their lives in partially sunlit shallow waters, where their transparency provides camouflage. They are characterised by a swollen body and short arms, which bear two rows of suckers or hooks. The third arm pair is often enlarged. Many species are bioluminescent organisms and possess light organs on the undersides of their eyes, used to c
View Wikipedia Record: Cranchiidae


Bathothauma (1)
Cranchia (1)
Egea (1)
Enigmocranchia (1)
Galiteuthis (5)
Helicocranchia (3)
Leachia (9)
Liguriella (2)
Liocranchia (4)
Megalocranchia (5)
Mesonychoteuthis (1)
Parateuthis (1)
Sandalops (1)
Taonius (4)
Teuthowenia (3)

(...) = Species count
(...) = Endangered count
(...) = Invasive count

External References

Species taxanomy provided by GBIF Secretariat (2022). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset accessed via on 2023-06-13; License: CC BY 4.0